Heart Failure: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Heart failure is a condition that weakens your heart's ability to pump adequate blood to the body. In India, the prevalence of heart failure is due to coronary heart disease diabetes, obesity, hypertension and rheumatic heart disease.

Heart Failure: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
Heart Failure: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment.

Heart failure is a condition that weakens your heart's ability to pump adequate blood to the body. In India, the prevalence of heart failure is due to coronary heart disease diabetes, obesity, hypertension and rheumatic heart disease.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 5.7 million adults have heart failure.

The heart might not pump blood properly due to certain conditions such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, heart attack, heart valve disease, diabetes, arrhythmia, etc. and it can damage or weaken the heart, leading to heart failure. 

The main pumping chambers of the heart (ventricles) may become stiff and dilate to an extent that the heart can't pump blood throughout the body. Heart failure can affect both the left or right side of your heart and it can be either acute or chronic. 

In acute heart failure, the symptoms suddenly appear and disappear very quickly, and in chronic heart failure, the symptoms are continuous and don't surpass time. 

Types Hearth- failure

1.    Left-sided heart failure - It is the most common type of heart failure. It occurs when the left heart ventricle, which is located in the bottom left side of the heart doesn't pump efficiently.

2.    Right-sided heart failure - It occurs when the right heart ventricle can't pump enough blood to your lungs to collect oxygen. 

3.    Systolic heart failure - It happens when the heart muscles are unable to pump oxygen-rich blood out of the body and it usually develops when the heart is weak and enlarged.

4.    Diastolic heart failure - Diastolic heart failure happens when the heart muscles become stiff, usually due to heart disease. This, in turn, causes a lack of blood flow to the rest of the body's organs. 

Symptoms Of Heart Failure are:

1.    Excessive fatigue,
2.    Rapid weight gain,
3.    Loss of appetite,
4.    Irregular heartbeat, 
5.    Heart palpitations, 
6.    Persistent coughing, 
7.    Shortness of breath, 
8.    Swelling of the legs and ankles, 
9.    Abdominal swelling,
10.    Increased urination at night and
11.    Difficulty in concentrating.